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Tips for choosing the correct bit.

Updated: Jan 15, 2023





Choosing the right horse bit can be a challenging task, especially if you're not sure what to look for. Here are some tips to help you make the right choice:


There are many different types of horse bits, each designed for a specific purpose. Some common types of horse bits include snaffle bits, which are the most basic type of bit and are often used for training and everyday riding, curb bits, which are used to apply more pressure and control to a horse's mouth, and Pelham bits, which combine the features of a snaffle bit and a curb bit. Other types of bits include Hackamore bits, which are used to apply pressure to a horse's nose and face rather than its mouth, and bitless bridles, which do not use a traditional bit at all but instead use other methods of control such as reins attached to a noseband or a specialized headstall. It is always advisable to consult an expert such as your vet, trainer or saddler when choosing a bit for your horse.

  1. Consider the horse's age and experience level: Different horses have different needs, and a bit that works well for an experienced horse may not be suitable for a young or inexperienced horse.

  2. Take into account the horse's breed and conformation: Some breeds and individual horses have specific conformation features, such as a large or small mouth, that may require a certain type of bit.

  3. Think about the horse's riding discipline: Different riding disciplines, such as dressage, jumping, or trail riding, may require different types of bits.

  4. Consult with a professional: If you're unsure which bit is right for your horse, consider consulting with a professional trainer, instructor, or veterinarian who can provide guidance and advice.

  5. Try out different options: It's important to experiment with different bits to see which one your horse responds to best. Be sure to use the bit correctly and observe your horse's behaviour and reaction to it.

Remember, the right bit for your horse is one that allows you to communicate effectively and encourages the horse to respond willingly. It's important to choose a bit that is comfortable for the horse and does not cause pain or discomfort.


Different types of horse bits.


There are several common types of horse bits, each with its own unique design and function. Some of the most common types include:


Snaffle bit: A snaffle bit is used to communicate with and control the horse. It is a simple bit that consists of a mouthpiece with a joint in the middle, and a pair of rings on either end for attaching reins.


The snaffle bit is typically used for basic training and everyday riding, as it is less severe than other types of bits and places less pressure on the horse's mouth. It works by applying pressure to the corners of the horse's mouth, as well as to the bars of the horse's mouth (the area between the front and back teeth). The pressure can be increased or decreased by the rider pulling on the reins.

Snaffle bits come in a variety of materials, including metal, rubber, and plastic, and can be used with a variety of bridles. They are a popular choice for many riders because they are relatively simple and easy to use, and they allow for a good degree of communication between the rider and the horse. There are several options to choose from: Eggbutt Snaffle, D-Ring Snaffle, Loose-Ring Snaffle and Full Cheek Snaffle. Your saddler should be able to advise you which is the best option for your horse.


Curb bit: A curb bit is a bit that is designed to provide more control over the horse's head and mouth, and is often used in conjunction with reins to help the rider communicate with and direct the horse. Curb bits are typically used in western riding and are a popular choice for riders who want more control or who are working with horses that are strong or resistant to traditional bits.

Curb bits work by applying pressure to the horse's lower jaw and poll (the top of the head). They typically have a longer shank, which allows the rider to apply more leverage and have greater control over the horse's head. Curb bits may also have other features, such as a chain or lever, which can help to further increase the pressure on the horse's mouth and poll.

It is important to note that curb bits should be used with care and should only be used by experienced riders. Improper use of a curb bit can cause discomfort or pain for the horse, and can even lead to injury. It is also important to make sure that the bit fits the horse properly and is adjusted correctly, as an ill-fitting or improperly adjusted bit can cause problems for the horse.


Pelham bit: consists of a mouthpiece with two rings attached to either side. The mouthpiece can be made of various materials, such as metal, rubber, or plastic, and may have a single joint or a double joint. The rings on either side of the mouthpiece allow the rider to attach reins, which are used to control the horse's movement.


The Pelham bit is designed to give the rider more control over the horse's head and mouth, particularly when using a two-point (jumping) or three-point (hunting) position. It works by applying pressure to the horse's mouth, poll (top of the head), and sometimes the nose, depending on how the reins are attached to the bit. The Pelham bit is often used in show jumping, eventing, and dressage, and is typically paired with double reins, which allow the rider to use separate rein aids for the mouth and nose.


Kimberwick bit: is a type of horse bit that is used in English riding. It is similar to a Pelham bit, but has a separate mouthpiece and curb chain, allowing for more precise control and signalling. The mouthpiece of a Kimberwick bit is typically made of metal and is attached to the reins, while the curb chain applies pressure to the lower jaw and poll of the horse when the reins are pulled. The Kimberwick bit is often used in eventing, jumping, and other types of English riding where precise control and communication with the horse are important.


Gag bit: A gag provides more leverage and control over the horse's head and mouth. It consists of a mouthpiece that is attached to the reins, and a separate cheekpiece that is attached to the bit and runs through the horse's mouth. The cheekpiece has rings or slides that allow the rider to adjust the length of the cheekpiece, which determines the amount of leverage the bit applies to the horse's mouth.


Gag bits work by applying pressure to the horse's poll (the top of the head) and the bars of the mouth (the fleshy part behind the teeth). When the reins are pulled, the mouthpiece of the gag bit lifts the horse's head and mouth upwards, while the cheekpiece applies pressure to the poll and bars. This can help the rider gain more control over the horse's head and mouth, and is often used in jumping, eventing, and other types of English riding where precise control is important.


It's important to note that gag bits can be more severe than other types of bits, and should be used with caution. They should only be used by experienced riders who have a good understanding of how to use them correctly, and should not be used on horses that are sensitive or prone to pain or discomfort.


Bitless Bridle: This type of bridle does not use a bit at all, but rather relies on pressure points on the horse's head to communicate with the animal. It is often used as an alternative to traditional bits for horses that are sensitive to mouth pressure.

It's important to note that no one type of bit is right for every horse or every situation. The best bit for a particular horse will depend on the animal's breed, age, and training level, as well as the rider's goals and experience.


Hackamore Bit: is a type of bitless headgear that uses a noseband instead of a bit to communicate with the horse. Hackamores are often used as an alternative to traditional bits for horses that are sensitive to the mouth or have dental issues that make it painful for them to accept a bit. Hackamores can be made from a variety of materials, such as leather, rope, or rubber, and they come in different styles, such as the Bosal, the Fiador, and the Western hackamore. Hackamores are typically used in Western riding disciplines, such as trail riding, western pleasure, and reining, but they can also be used in other riding disciplines as well.


Choosing the correct size of horse bit.

Choosing the correct size of horse bit is important for the comfort and well-being of the horse. A bit that is too small can pinch the horse's mouth, while a bit that is too large can be uncomfortable and may not provide the rider with enough control.

To choose the correct size of horse bit, it is important to measure the width of the horse's mouth. The bit should be wide enough to fit comfortably in the horse's mouth without pinching, but not so wide that it causes the horse to have difficulty closing its mouth or swallowing.

In addition to considering the width of the bit, it is also important to consider the thickness of the mouthpiece. A thicker mouthpiece may be more comfortable for the horse, but it may also provide less control for the rider.

When trying a new bit, it is important to observe the horse's response and adjust the bit as needed to ensure that it is comfortable and effective. It is also a good idea to consult with a veterinarian, a horse trainer, or a knowledgeable equine professional for advice on selecting the appropriate size and style of bit for your horse.


How to clean a horse bit correctly.

Cleaning a horse bit is an important part of equine care. Here are some steps you can follow to clean a bit correctly:

  1. Begin by removing the bit from the horse's mouth and rinsing it off with warm water to remove any loose dirt or debris.

  2. Use a soft brush, such as a toothbrush or a bit brush, to scrub the bit and remove any stuck-on dirt or debris. Pay particular attention to the crevices and joints, as these areas are prone to accumulating dirt and bacteria.

  3. Once you have scrubbed the bit thoroughly, rinse it again with warm water to remove any soap or cleaning agents.

  4. If the bit is particularly dirty or has visible signs of rust, you may need to use a more heavy-duty cleaner. There are several commercial bit cleaners available, or you can use a mixture of water and mild soap.

  5. After you have cleaned the bit, dry it thoroughly with a clean, soft cloth or towel. If the bit is made of metal, it is a good idea to apply a light coat of oil to help prevent rusting.

  6. Store the bit properly when you are finished. A dry, cool place is best to prevent rusting and other damage.

Remember to always handle the bit gently and with care, as rough handling can damage the bit and make it less effective for the horse. Also, be sure to clean the bit regularly to prevent the build-up of dirt and bacteria, which can cause irritation and discomfort for the horse.


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